Sign Challenge #1 Reveal: Spinybacked Spider Egg sac

February 10th, 2013 - 12:25 PM | Filed under Sign Challenges | 2 Comments

This reveal for Sign Challenge #1 is long overdue. Here’s the challenge photo again:

~15mm long | August 23, 2012 | Sebring, FL, USA

~15mm long | August 23, 2012 | Sebring, FL, USA

Commenter Daniel Heald correct guessed it was a spider egg sac. Here’s another angle:

Dorsal view

Dorsal view

When I took the photos, I assumed it was a cocoon. I was curious to see what moth would emerge, so I took it home with me.

After looking through Tracks & Sign of Insects and Other Invertebrates, I realized it was actually an egg sac for a Spinybacked spider (Gasteracantha cancriformis). In fact, I had seen many of those spiders in the area. The egg sac’s yellow silk, dark longitudinal line, and placement on the underside of a leaf all point to this species.

In Spiders of the Carolinas, L. L. Gaddy notes that in over twenty years of fieldwork he’s not seen the egg sac or male of this species. Perhaps I’m just lucky, but I suspect I’m more of a leaf flipper than Gaddy. The egg sacs are placed on the undersides of leaves, which is where I’m always checking for caterpillars.

I was curious to see the spider eggs, so I peeled back a few layers of the silk and found the spiderlings had already hatched. Turns out they stay in the egg sac for weeks before emerging.

Spiderlings revealed

Spiderlings revealed

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Closer look

I had hoped to see the spiderlings grow, but they all died after a few weeks.

References:

Spiders of the Carolinas
by L. L. Gaddy
Tracks & Sign of Insects and Other Invertebrates:
A Guide to North American Species

by Charley Eiseman and Noah Charney

Subjects: Arachnids, Orb Weavers, and Spiders.
Places: Florida, North America, and United States.
Life Stages: Egg and Immature.
Taxa: Class Arachnida, Family Araneidae, and Order Araneae.
Colors: Black and Yellow.
Sign: Egg Sac.

2 Responses to “Sign Challenge #1 Reveal: Spinybacked Spider Egg sac”

  1. Troy Bartlett says:

    A few weeks ago I spotted an individual of this species in the park next door. I figured that was probably just an odd outlier, but strange nonetheless. Now I just found two more in my backyard. I’ve never seen them this far North before.

    Remember how I said all my spiderlings died? Well, I dumped what was left along with some other detritus in my backyard.

    I believe now that the spiderlings weren’t all dead after all, or perhaps there were some unhatched eggs. In any case, I appear to have inadvertently introduced them to the immediate area. Oops! I’m not too worried. One only needs to drive a few hours South to find these, so I suspect they won’t survive the winter.

  2. Lynette says:

    Awesome egg sac! Great find & shots.

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